At just over 519
million hectares, Brazil has the largest remaining area of tropical forest in
the world. The Brazilian Amazon covers an area of 41o million hectares,
accounting for 48% of the country’s total area. Although Brazil has several
other large forest biomes including the Atlantic Forest, the “Cerrado”
(savannah), the “Caatinga” (common vegetation in arid zones), the Brazilian
Amazon is often used as a proxy for Brazil’s tropical forests. The rate of
deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon is among the highest globally. In recent
years, however, its deforestation rates have dropped from around 1.9 million
hectares per year in 2005 (equivalent to 0.46% per year) to 0.6 million
hectares per year in 2010 (~0.15% per year).
In 2008, at the
fourteenth Conference of the...