The diagram below presents a new framework for understanding REDD proposals. The framework comprises four basic building blocks as follows:
The overall effectiveness, efficiency and equity of a proposal is determined by its scope, reference level, and financing and distribution mechanisms as shown.
It is helpful to view REDD proposals in this way because it allows us to understand the elements of individual proposals. It also shows us the distribution and evolution of ideas of the combined proposals and enables
us to see areas where there are high levels of convergence or divergence.
MIX AND MATCH OPTIONS
Each of the four modules has a series of options that have emerged from the different proposals. More detail on the options encompassed within each module is given in the following pages.
Some options potentially impose constraints on others. When viewing the proposals as a group, however, there are a number of different ‘mix and match’ options; for example, the decision to include deforestation and degradation (REDD) or just deforestation (RED) can, broadly speaking, be addressed separately from the question of whether to use a fund or a market.