Introduction to REDD+
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in developing countries (REDD) is an international mechanism framed by the international climate change negotiations. it provides incentives for developing countries to reduce deforestation and forest degradation and protect their forests.approximately 13 million hectares of forest are lost every year to deforestation, an area approximately four times the size of Belgium. it is estimated that degradation and loss of tropical forests account for 15–20% of all greenhouse gas emissions, more than those caused by the global transport system. Therefore, conserving the carbon stored in existing forests, reducing the rate of deforestation and forest degradation and improving the management of forests can contribute significantly to climate change mitigation.in 2007, during the 13th conference of the parties (cop 13), the united nations Framework convention on climate change (UNFCCC) launched negotiations on REDD. The concept was later broadened and now also includes activities such as conservation, sustainable management of forests and the enhancement of forest carbon stocks (such as through reforestation). This is referred to as REDD+ (“REDD plus”). international negotiations on both the concept of REDD+ itself and the design of the international REDD+ framework are still ongoing.